MOREH, SHMUEL (1933– ), scholar of Arabic language and literature. Born in Baghdad, he immigrated to Israel April 1951. He received his B.A. and M.A. from The Hebrew University in Arabic literature and Islamic Studies and his Ph.D. in modern Arabic poetry (SOAS, London University) in 1965. He was a visiting professor at various universities in the U.S., U.K., Germany, Finland, and the Netherlands. Moreh became professor emeritus of Arabic language and literature at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He participated in conferences on Arabic and Islamic studies and on the Jews of Arab countries, especially of Iraq. He was awarded the Israel Prize in Oriental studies (1999) and the insignia of the Commander of the Order of the Lion of Finland (1986). He is the founder and chairman of the Association of Jewish Academics from Iraq in Israel (1980– ) and chairman of the Academic Committee of the Babylonian Jewry Heritage Center, Or-Yehuda, Israel. He wrote Modern Arabic Poetry 1800–1970 (1975), Studies in Modern Arabic Prose and Poetry (1988), The Jewish Contribution to Nineteenth-Century Arabic Theatre (with P.C. Sadgrove, 1996), Live Theater and Dramatic Literature in the Medieval Arab World (1992), The Tree and the Branch, Studies in Modern Arabic Literature and Contributions of Iraqi-Jewish Writers (Hebrew, 1977), and Those Were the Days of Youth and Love, An Anthology of Poems in Arabic and English (1998). He was also the translator and editor of al-Jabartī's Chronicle of the First Seven Months of the French Occupation of Egypt (1975) and of several collections of Arabic short stories as well as the compiler of bibliographies on Arabic literature.