“New Historians” are a group of Israeli historians who have declared their goal to be reexamining the history of Israel and Zionism. Leading scholars in this school include Benny Morris, Ilan Pappé, and Avi Shlaim. They base their research on Israeli government documents that have become public since the late 1980s.
Although the New Historians' publications include a variety of views, they may be generalized to present the Zionist movement as aimed in such a way that Jewish statehood could only come combined with the displacement of at least some Palestinian Arabs. Therefore, according to the New Historians, Israel has its own share of responsibility for the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Palestinian plight. In particular they claim that at least a part of the Palestinan refugees were driven away from their homes, rather than fled out of their own decision. Some of the methods of their historical work have come under criticism; the movement is highly controversial, both among Israeli and Western scholars.