There were a few Jews who
lived in Monaco prior to World
War II. These Jews
were predominately Ashkenazim from France.
To save their Jewish citizens from Nazi
persecution, the government issued false
papers to the Jews during the war.
The Jewish community of
Monaco was founded in 1948, with the creation
of the official representative body, the
Association Culturelle Israelite de Monaco.
Today, the vast majority of the Jewish community
lives in Monte Carlo. The community is mainly
comprised of retired Jews from Britain (40%) and North Africa. Approximately 1,000
Jews live today in Monaco. There are also
several Turkish and French Ashkenazi families.
Half the population is Ashkenazi, while the
other half are Sephardic.
The Association Culturelle Israelite de Monaco is
a house that has been converted into a synagogue,
a community Hebrew school, and kosher food shop, all located in Monte Carlo. The community does have a rabbi,
Rabbi M. Isaac Amsellem, who leads weekly services and teaches classes.
There are weekly services on Shabbat.
Several organizations, including WIZO and B’nai B’rith,
are active in the Jewish community of Monaco.
Israel has diplomatic relations with Monaco and is
represented by its consul in Marseilles.
Jewish Congress; Zaidner, Michael. Jewish
Travel Guide 2000. Intl Specialized Book Service, 2000; AmyIsrael; CIA World FactBook