The U.S.-Israel relationship is based on the twin pillars of shared values and shared interests. Given this commonality of interests and beliefs, it should not be surprising that support for Israel is one of the most pronounced and consistent foreign policy values of the American people.
Although Israel is located in a region that is relatively undeveloped and closer to the Third World than the West, the Jewish State has emerged in less than half a century as an advanced nation with many characteristics of Western society. This is partially attributable to the fact that a high percentage of the population came from Europe or North America and brought with them Western political and cultural norms. It is also a function of the common Judeo-Christian heritage.
Simultaneously, Israel is a multicultural society with people from more than 100 nations, including more than 45,000 who came in the dramatic airlifts from Ethiopia in the 1980's. Today, approximately four in ten Israelis are Eastern or Oriental Jews who trace their origins to the ancient Jewish communities of the Islamic countries of North Africa and the Middle East. While they live in a region characterized by autocracies, Israelis have a commitment to democracy no less passionate than that of Americans. All citizens of Israel, regardless of race, religion or sex, are guaranteed equality before the law and full democratic rights. Freedom of speech, assembly, and press are embodied in the country's laws and traditions. Israel's independent judiciary vigorously upholds these rights. The political system does differ from America'sIsrael's is a parliamentary democracybut it is still based on free elections with divergent parties. And though Israel does not have a formal constitution, it has adopted Basic Laws that establish similar legal guarantees.
Americans have long viewed Israelis with admiration, at least partly because they see much of themselves in their pioneering spirit and struggle for independence. Like the United States, Israel is also a nation of immigrants. Despite the burden of spending approximately one-fourth of its budget on defense, it has had an extraordinary rate of economic growth for most of its history. It has also succeeded in putting most of the newcomers to work. As in America, immigrants to Israel have tried to make better lives for themselves and their children. Some have come from relatively undeveloped societies like Ethiopia or Yemen and arrived with virtually no possessions, education, or training and become productive contributors to Israeli society.
Israelis also share Americans' passion for education. Israelis are among the most highly educated people in the world. Twenty-nine daily newspapers are published in 10 languages. More books are published per capita in Israel than anywhere else.
From the beginning, Israel had a mixed economy, combining capitalism with socialism along the British model. The economic difficulties Israel has experiencedcreated largely in the aftermath of the 1973 Yom Kippur War by increased oil prices and the need to spend a disproportionate share of its Gross National Product on defensehave led to a gradual movement toward a free market system analogous to that of the United States. The United States has been a partner in this evolution.
In the 1980's, attention increasingly focused on one of the pillars of the relationshipshared interests. This was done because of the threats to the region and because the means for strategic cooperation are more easily addressed with legislative initiatives. Despite the end of the Cold War, Israel continues to have a role to play in joint efforts to protect American interests and strategic cooperation has continued to evolve to the point where a de facto alliance now exists. The hallmark of the relationship is consistency and trust: The United States knows it can count on Israel.
It is more difficult to devise programs that capitalize on the two nations' shared values than its security interests; nevertheless, such programs do exist. In fact, these Shared Value Initiatives (SVIs) cover a broad range of areas such as the environment, energy, space, occupational safety and health. More than 160 American institutions in 42 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico have received funds from bi-national programs with Israel. Relatively little-known relationships like the Free Trade Agreement, the Cooperative Development Research Program, the Middle East Regional Cooperation Program and various memoranda of understanding with virtually every U.S. governmental agency demonstrate the depth of the special relationship.
The following pages follow the outline of Governor Clinton and Senator Gore's book, starting with quotes from their text. Each section discusses joint projects currently undertaken in the areas they highlighted. An additional chapter explores U.S.-Israel cooperation at the state and local level. The final chapter then offers suggestions for additional ways that Israel can help America achieve its goals in some of the areas that Clinton and Gore discussed as well as a number of others.
In the end, we hope readers will agree that U.S.-Israel cooperation benefits America.
For more information on any of the material contained in this book, or if you are interested in a joint venture or bringing one of the innovative Israeli ideas to your community, please contact the author at the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise.