WINCKLER, HUGO° (1863–1913), German Orientalist and Bible scholar. Winckler was born in Graefenhainichen. He became a lecturer at Berlin University in 1891 and professor extraordinary in 1904. During the first years of his scholarly activity, he devoted himself to the study of Assyrian inscriptions; he published the Sargon inscriptions in 1889, as well as various studies on the ancient Near East which included a history of Israel, Geschichte Israels … (2 vols., 1895–1900), and a work on the code of Hammurapi, Die Gesetze Hammurabis … (1902). In 1903–04 he took part in the excavations
Winckler's other publications included a critical edition (written with L. Abel) of the Tell el-Amarna letters, Der Thontafelfund von El-Amarna (2 vols., 1889–1900); a German translation of these letters, Die Thontafeln von Tell-El-Amarna (2 vols., 1896); Das Alte Westasien (1899); and publications in the series Der Alte Orient.
O. Weber, in: Mitteilungen der Vorderasiatisch-Aegyptischen Gesellschaft, 20 (1915), 13–24.
[Michael Avi-Yonah and
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.