VOZNESENSK, city in Nikolayev district, Ukraine. The Jewish settlement in Voznesensk was founded during the first half of the 19th century by several of the numerous Jews who migrated from northwestern Russia to "New Russia" (Ukraine). There were 1,249 Jews in Voznesensk in 1864; 5,932 in 1897; and by 1926 the 5,116 Jews formed 23.7% of the total population. The Jews of Voznesensk suffered severely during the Russian Civil War (1918–20) and were exterminated when the Germans occupied the town during World War II. In 1959 there were again Jews in Voznesensk (900, forming about 3% of the population). Most left in the 1990s.

[Abraham N. Poliak]

Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.