SREM (Ger. Schrimm; Pol. Szrem; Yid. Strim), town in Poznan province, W. Poland. Jews settled in Srem in the late 16th century and engaged in commerce, weaving, and goldsmithery. In 1656, during the war between Poland and Sweden, the Polish general S. Czarniecki persecuted the Jews of Srem, and those who survived left the town. In the 1670s Jews resettled in Srem and a community was organized. In 1683 a meeting of the council of the galil (province) of Poznan (see
Before World War II there were 26 Jews in Srem. Under German occupation, it belonged to the Regierungsbezirk Posen of the Warthegau. In October 1939 the Jews were deported to a transit camp in Poznan, from where they were probably sent to the General Government or to a larger town in Warthegau.
Halpern, Pinkas, index; B. Wasiutyński, Ludność żydowska w Polsce w wiekach xix i xx (1930), 167; A. Heppner and J. Herzberg, Aus Vergangenheit und Gegenwart der Juden und der Juedischen Gemeinden in den Posener Landen (1909–29), index; D. Lewin, Judenverfolgungen im zweiten Schwedisch-polnischen Kriege (1901), 28, 31.
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.