SHAVEI ZION (Heb. שָׁבֵי צִיּוֹן; "Those who Return to Zion"), moshav shittufi in northern Israel, in the Acre Plain, 2 mi.(3 km.) S. of Nahariyyah, affiliated with Ha-Iḥud ha-Ḥakla'i. Shavei Zion was founded in 1938 by a group of German-Jewish immigrants who were descended from generations of farmers and cattle merchants in the village of Rexingen, Wuerttemberg. Shavei Zion was one of the first villages to adopt the moshav shittufi form of settlement. Although not strictly Orthodox, the settlers preserve traditional Judaism as part of their social organization. In 1970 the village had 312 inhabitants, rising to 619 in 2002. The moshav economy was based on industry, farming, and tourism, including a plastics factory and a resort and beach.

[Efram Orni /

Shaked Gilboa (2nd ed.)]

Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.