SHAREZER (Heb. שָׁרְאֶצֶר), an abbreviated Babylonian name meaning "… [name of deity] protect the king" (cf. Nergal-Sharezer; Jer. 39:3, 13).

1. According to II Kings 19:37 (= Isa. 37:38; cf. II. Chron. 32:21), Sharezer and *Adrammelech murdered their father, King Sennacherib, in the Temple of Nisroch and fled to Ararat.

2. The name in Zechariah 7:2, sometimes read Sharezer, should most likely be combined with the preceding word and read Bethel-Sharezer (see *Regem-Melech).


J.P. Hyatt, in: JBL, 56 (1937), 387ff.; J.A. Montgomery, The Book of Kings (ICC, 1951), 498–9.

[Bezalel Porten]

Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.