SERRES, village in the Hautes-Alpes department, S.E. France. The presence of Jews was confirmed there, as in the neighboring localities of Dauphiné (such as Aspres-sur-Buëch and Veynes), from at least 1315. The rapid growth of the community can be surmised from the increase in the taxes it paid: 100 gold sous in 1321, six livres in 1322, and 80 livres in 1324. Although 93 Jews of Veynes lost their lives in the *Black Death persecutions in 1348, those of Serres do not appear to have been molested. The epitaph of a certain R. Joseph, son of R. Nathan, was found to the west of the village, on a site where the ancient land registers place the Jewish cemetery. Jews were last mentioned in Serres toward the close of the 15th century.
Elgy (= L. Jaques), in: Bulletin de la Société d'Etudes Historiques, Scientifiques, Artistiques et Littéraires des Hautes-Alpes, no. 50 (1958), 186–9; J. Imbert, Histoire de Serres (1966), 45–48; Gross, Gal Jud, 650.
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.