SÁNDOR, PÁL


SÁNDOR, PÁL (1860–1936), Hungarian statesman and economist. Born in Hódmezövásárhely, Sándor entered his father's grain business. An active member of the Budapest exchange, he also founded and chaired the Hungarian trade union. In 1912 he was appointed director of the Budapest municipal tramway company. Sándor began his political career as a member of the Budapest municipal council, delegated by the governing Liberal Party. He sat in parliament as a delegate of the same party from 1901 and was a member of the Liberal Party opposition under Horthy's regime. Somewhat defensively and apologetically, Sándor attacked the antisemitic policies of the government and its first discriminatory laws, the *numerus clausus, restricting higher education for Jewish youth. He was an extreme assimilationist and outspoken opponent of Zionism.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

D. Polonyi, in: Zsidó Évkönyv (1928/29), 116–7; P. Sándor, in: Egyenlőség, no. 7 (1936), 7–8.

[Baruch Yaron]


Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.