SALOMON, ALBERT (1891–1966), sociologist. Born in Berlin, Salomon was professor of political sociology at the Deutsche Hochschule fuer Politik in Berlin from 1926 to 1931 and at the Berufspaedagogisches Institut in Cologne from 1931 to 1933. For some years he edited Gesellschaft, the journal of the Social-Democratic Party. Forced to emigrate after Hitler's advent to power, Salomon went to New York, where he was a professor of sociology at the graduate faculty of the New School for Social Research from 1935 until his death. Salomon followed the historical and philosophical traditions of French and German classical sociology. He paid attention to the importance of literature in a developing theory of society. His major books were Autoritaet und Freiheit (1936) and Tyranny of Progress (1955; Fortschritt als Schicksal und Verhaengnis, 1957).
C. Mayer, in: Social Research, 34 (1967), 213–25.
[Werner J. Cahnman]
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.