REJZEN (Reyzn), ZALMAN
REJZEN (Reyzn), ZALMAN (1887–1940?), Yiddish lexicographer, literary historian, and editor. Born in Koidanovo, Minsk province (now Dzerzhinsk, Belorus), Rejzen, together with his elder brother, the poet and short story writer Abraham *Reisen, prepared the Yiddish textbook Muter-Shprakh ("Mother Language," 1908). That year he also published a widely used Yiddish grammar, which he expanded to the more definitive Gramatik fun der Yidisher Shprakh ("Grammar of the Yiddish Language," 1920), thus helping to standardize Yiddish grammar. He also helped to bring greater uniformity to Yiddish spelling by editing a book on Yiddish orthography prepared by a group of Yiddish teachers in 1913. But his most important contributions were in literary history. His Leksikon fun der Yidisher Literatur un Prese ("Lexicon of Yiddish Literature and Press") appeared in a single volume in 1914 under the editorship of S. *Niger and became the basis for his monumental bibliographic Leksikon fun der Yidisher Literatur, Prese, un Filologi ("Lexicon of Yiddish Literature, Press, and Philology"),
M. Ravitch, Mayn Leksikon, 2 (1947), 81–3; H. Abramowitch, Farshvundene Geshtaltn (1958), 171–81; Ch. Gininger, in: Zamlbikher, 8 (1952), 185–94; J. Glatstein, In Tokh Genumen (1960), 188–91. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Reisen, Epizodn fun Mayn Lebn, 1 (1938), 17–68; E. Schulman, Yung Vilne (1946), 8–12; Sh. Katsherginski, Tsvishn Hamer un Serp (1949), 16–20; LNYL, 8 (1981), 478–82.
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.