PRIBRAM, KARL (b. 1877), economist. Born in Prague, he obtained his professional training in Prague, Berlin, and Vienna. From 1907 to 1914 he taught at the University of Vienna, and in 1911 he entered the Austrian civil service. During 1921–28 he served as head of the statistical office of the International Labor Office in Geneva, and in 1928 he became professor of economics at the University of Frankfurt. After moving to the United States in 1934, he was successively connected with the Brookings Institution, in Washington, D.C., the Social Security Administration, and the United States Tariff Commission. After his retirement in 1951, he taught at the American University in Washington and in Frankfurt.
Pribram was an authority in the field of the history of economic thought and of international commercial policy. His main publications include Cartel Problems (1935); Conflicting Patterns of Thought (1949); and Prolegomena to a History of Economic Reasoning (in Journal of Economics, 65, 1951).
[Joachim O. Ronall]
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.