PINEDA, JUAN DE (d. 1486), Converso martyr, commander in the Order of Santiago, and the emissary of the head of the order, Juan Pacheco, to the papal court. Born into a poor Converso family in Córdoba, in his youth, Pineda worked as a tailor and was known as Juan de Baena. Nothing is known of how he rose in Spanish society. In 1486 he was tried by the Inquisition on charges of having practiced Judaism. Among the accusations brought against him was that he had declared in 1464, when the Turks and Pope Pius II were at war, that the redemption of Israel would come through the Turks. He was burned at the stake on Aug. 16, 1486 in Toledo.


Baer, Spain, 2 (1966), 347ff.; Baer, Urkunden, 2 (1936), 468ff.

Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.