PIJADE, MOŠA (1890–1957), Yugoslav revolutionary and politician. Born in Belgrade, Pijade studied painting in Munich and Paris and returned to Belgrade as an art teacher. He joined the illegal Communist Party in 1920 and was imprisoned by the authorities the following year. On his release he continued his revolutionary activities and in 1925 was imprisoned for a further 14 years during which time he translated Marx's Das Kapital.
In 1940 Pijade was arrested for a third time but released shortly before the German invasion of Yugoslavia. Following the German conquest of Yugoslavia he organized the Communist partisans and set out the tasks of the People's Liberation Committee in a document known as the Regulations of Foča. Pijade was one of the closest associates of the Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito, and when the latter came to power after the liberation of Yugoslavia, Pijade was made president of the Serbian Republic, chairman of the Yugoslav National Assembly, and a member of the political bureau of the party central committee. He was helpful in allowing the departure of Jews to Israel with all their personal property and gave occasional advice to the leaders of the Federation of Jewish Communities.
S. Bosiljčić and D. Marković, Moša Pijade (Serbian, 1960). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Marković, Moša Pijadei njegovo vreme (1968).
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.