LYUBESHOV


LYUBESHOV (Pol. Lubieszów; Yid. Libeshey), ḥasidic dynasty established in Lithuanian Polesie in the early 19th century, originating in Volhynia. Its founder, SHEMARIAH WEINGARTEN (d. 1846), was the son of Abraham Abba-Joseph of Soroca (Soroki) and son-in-law of the celebrated Volhynian Ẓaddik David ha-Levi of Stepan. His leadership was acknowledged in Pinsk, *Kobrin, Lyubeshov, Janow, Telekhany, Motol, and Khomsk, among other places. Shemariah, who was also a scholar, was given a special right to the rabbinate in Kobrin and the surrounding villages, a unique case in the annals of Ḥasidism in Lithuania. The establishment of the dynasty helped to spread Ḥasidism in this part of Polesie. Shemariah's successor in Lyubeshov was his son JEHIEL MICHAEL, and later, his other son ABRAHAM ABBA (d. 1861), who served as rabbi of the nearby town of Janow and in Lyubeshov. At that time the influence of the Lyubeshov dynasty, especially in Kobrin, passed to the ḥasidic "court" of Kobrin. After Abraham Abba's death, his son ḤAYYIM ISAAC served as ẓaddik from 1861 to 1879, and his grandson JACOB LOEB from 1879 to 1922. In 1886 the second son of Ḥayyim Isaac, ABBA (d. c. 1924), served as ẓaddik in Janow, which caused a split among the Lyubeshov Ḥasidim. The successor of Jacob Loeb in Lyubeshov was his son ISAAC AARON, who lived in Pinsk and gathered around him the Lyubeshov Ḥasidim. Between the two world wars he visited his Ḥasidim in the U.S. He and his followers perished during the Holocaust.

It was characteristic of Lyubeshov Ḥasidim that their Ẓaddikim served as rabbis of towns in Lithuania (Kobrin, Janow, and Lyubeshov). Essentially it was a branch of the Volhynian Ḥasidism. Their ẓaddikim left no written works. An important principle of Lyubeshov Ḥasidim was the holiness of the zaddik. They opposed fasting, emphasized the virtue of joy, and had their own melodies. They were concerned with settlement in Ereẓ Israel and during the 19th century set up a Lyubeshov *kolel there.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

W.Z. Rabinowitsch, Lithuanian Ḥasidism (1970), index.

[Wolf Zeev Rabinowitsch]


Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.