LUKAS, PAUL (1887–1971), U.S. actor, born in Budapest. After nine years at the Comedy Theater, Lukas went to the U.S. in 1927 and became prominent in films and plays. The high point of his career was his portrayal of Kurt Mueller, a German refugee, in Watch on the Rhine, on the Broadway stage in 1941 and on the screen in 1943. For his film performance, Lukas won a Best Actor Oscar, a Golden Globe, and a New York Film Critics Award. He also appeared on Broadway in A Doll's House (1937), Call Me Madam (1950), Flight Into Egypt (1952), and The Wayward Saint (1955).

His more than 90 films include Little Women (1933), Dodsworth (1936), The Lady Vanishes (1938), Confessions of a Nazi Spy (1939), Address Unknown (1944), Deadline at Dawn (1946), Berlin Express (1948), 20,000 Leagues under the Sea (1954), Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1962), and Lord Jim (1965).

[Ruth Beloff (2nd ed.)]

Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.