LÉON, XAVIER (1868–1935), French philosopher. Léon founded the important philosophical journal, Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale, which he edited from its beginning in 1893 until his death. The journal was not only against positivist trends, but also in favor of speculative philosophy. Léon also founded the Société française de philosophie (1901). In both of these ventures he had the collaboration of Élie *Halévy. Léon organized several international congresses of philosophy. He wrote on the German philosopher, Fichte, publishing La Philosophie de Fichte (1902) and Fichte et son temps, 2 vols. (1922–27).


E. Halévy et al., Xavier Léon 18681935 (Fr., 1937); Enciclopedia Filosofica, 2 (It., 1957), 1876f.

[Richard H. Popkin]

Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.