KYJOV (Ger. Gaya; Heb. גאיי גא״י), town in S. Moravia, Czech Republic, the only one of the royal cities in which Jews were allowed to dwell. The rights of the Jews were protected by a charter of 1613. The community had existed long before then, the ancient synagogue (demolished in 1851) having been built in 1506. Jews remained in Kyjov in 1650 when all communities which had not been in existence before 1618 were expelled. There were 12 Jewish houses in Kyjov in 1688. The burghers petitioned several times for their expulsion, but the royal charter was adhered to. In 1651 a compromise was signed, which included a clause permitting the Jews to distill spirits. In 1727 the Jews were segregated. After 1848 the Jewish quarter remained a *politische Gemeinde until 1918. The number of Jewish families permitted by the *Familiants Law
Ehrlich, Hayek, in: H. Gold (ed.), Juden und Judengemeinden Maehrens… (1929), 199–203; H. Flesch, ibid., 31–44; idem, in: MGWJ, 73 (1929), 119–30; I. Halpern, Takkanot Medinat Mehrin (1952), 1–102; R. Iltis (ed.), Die aussaeen unter Traenen… (1959), 58–60.
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.