KATZ (Benshalom), BENZION

KATZ (Benshalom), BENZION (1907–1968), Hebrew translator, literary critic, and educator. He was the brother of Juliusz *Katz-Suchy. Born in Sanok, Galicia, he studied at the University of Cracow, taught Hebrew language there (1929–39), and lectured at the Warsaw Institute of Jewish Studies (1937–39). In 1940 he immigrated to Palestine, and from 1941 to 1963 was director of the Jewish Agency's Youth and He-Ḥalutz Department. He also lectured on classical literature at the Tel Aviv University, where he was appointed rector in 1964. Katz's books include Mishkalav shel Ḥ.N. Bialik ("Metrics in Bialik's Poetry," 1942); Ha-Sifrut ha-Ivrit Bein Shetei Milḥamot Olam (1943; Hebrew Literature between the Two World Wars, 1953); Sheki'ot Yerushalayim ("Jerusalem Sunsets," poems, 1965); and Orḥot Yeẓirah ("Creative Paths," literary essays, 1966). He translated into Hebrew selections from the Persian epic Shahnama by Firdausi and the Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyam, as well as several classical Greek works.

[Getzel Kressel]

Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.