KANTOROWICZ, HERMANN (1877–1940), German jurist. Born in Posen, Kantorowicz became assistant lecturer at the University of Freiburg in 1908 and professor extraordinary in 1913. In 1923 he was made a member of the German parliamentary commission investigating the origins of World War I and the war debt question, and in 1929 was appointed full professor of jurisprudence and criminal law at the University of Kiel. He was removed from his post by the Nazis in 1933 and immigrated to the United States, where he taught at Columbia and New York universities. In 1935 he settled in England, where he lectured and conducted legal research at the universities of London, Oxford, and Cambridge.
Kantorowicz was an authority on jurisprudence and legal history. He was the author of numerous works on jurisprudence, including Kampf um die Rechtswissenschaft (1906); Rechtwissenschaft und Soziologie (1911); Der Geist der englischen Politik (1929; The Spirit of British Policy, 1931) and Dictatorships (1935). In his last work, Studies in the Glossators of the Roman Law (1938), he examined the development of Roman law in the Middle Ages.
K. Muscheler, Herman Kantorowicz (Freiburger Rechtsgeschichtliche Abhandlungen, Neue Folge Vol. 6), 1984; S. Silberg, "Hermann Kantorowicz und die Freirechtsbewegung" (Dissertation; 2004); D. Ibbentson, "Hermann Kantorowicz and Walter Ullmann," in: J. Beatson, R. Zimmermann (eds.), Jurists Uprooted – German-speaking Émigré Lawyers in Twentieth-Century Britain (2004), 269–98.
[B. Mordechai Ansbacher]
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.