JULIUS ARCHELAUS (first century C.E.), a member of one of the notable families of Judea who married into the Herodian dynasty. His name indicates that he was a Roman citizen. Josephus sold him a copy of his work, The Jewish War, and praises him highly, describing him as well acquainted with Hellenistic learning. Agrippa I promised him his daughter Mariamne in marriage, but since she was only ten years old when Agrippa died, the marriage was not celebrated until the reign of Agrippa II. Subsequently Mariamne abandoned him for *Demetrius, a noble and wealthy Alexandrian Jew, who held the position of the *alabarch of Alexandria.
Jos., Ant., 19:355; 20:140, 147; Jos., Apion, 1:51; Schuerer, Hist, 373 n. 38; Stern, in: Tarbiz, 35 (1965/66), 244f.
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.