JOSHUA BEN ABRAHAM MAIMUNI


JOSHUA BEN ABRAHAM MAIMUNI (1310–1355), nagid of Egyptian Jewry who lived in Cairo. Joshua was the third son of *Abraham b. David Maimuni. His brother Moses was probably nagid of Egyptian Jewry before him. He was a respected scholar, and his responsa on religious and halakhic questions are quoted by such prominent halakhic authorities of the 16th century as *David b. Solomon ibn Abi Zimra and Joseph *Caro. The majority of his extant responsa were answers to questions asked by the Jews of Yemen. Most of them deal with the subjects of prayer and ritual. Joshua's answers are generally based on the Mishneh Torah of his ancestor *Maimonides.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Freimann, in: Kobez al Jad, 13 (1939), 75–113; Ashtor, Toledot, 1 (1944), 230f., 298–300; Goitein, in: Tarbiz, 34 (1964/65), 255.

[Eliyahu Ashtor]


Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.