JOSHUA (Jesus), SON OF SETH, high priest during the reign of Archelaus (4 B.C.E.–6 C.E.), Herod's son. Joshua, preceded by Eleazar the son of Boethus, was the second high priest to be appointed by Archelaus, but nothing further is known of him (Jos., Ant., 17:341). His father's (or family's) name (Σεέ) is reminiscent of that of a subsequent high priest, Ananus, the son of Seth (Σεθ, Σεθι; ibid., 18:26), and it is possible that both were of the same family.


Schuerer, Gesch, 2 (19074), 270, no. 9; Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 4 (19502), 179.

[Isaiah Gafni]

Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.