JOAB BEN JEREMIAH (d. 1810), Hungarian rabbi. Joab's father went to Hungary from Oswiecim (Auschwitz), Poland, and was av bet din and head of a yeshivah in Mattersdorf, one of the "seven Hungarian communities," and later in Santov (Abaujszanto). Through the efforts of Aaron Chorin, a former pupil of his father's yeshivah who then lived in Nemetkeresztur-Deutschkreutz, Joab was appointed rabbi of that community; he was subsequently appointed rabbi of Hunsdorf (Huncovce-Hunfalu) and, on the death of his father in 1806, was appointed his successor in Santov. He was one of the outstanding talmudists of his time and was eulogized as a great scholar and saint by Moses Sofer. Well-known is his work Moda'ah Zuta, a commentary on the work Moda'ah ve-Ones, which he published together with his father. His other works are Sha'arei Binah, on the Sha'arei Shevu'ot of Isaac ben Reuben *al-Bargeloni; Ḥen Tov ve-Zeved Tov (Zolkiew, 1806), on chapter 17 of the Shulḥan Arukh Even ha-Ezer; and Imrei No'am.

[Samuel Weingarten-Hakohen]

Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.