JENER, ABRAHAM NAPHTALI HIRSCH BEN MORDECAI (1805–1876), rabbi and author. Jener was appointed dayyan at Cracow in 1831 and in 1856, after the death of Alexander Landau, the head of the bet din. The extreme Orthodox element refused to elect him chief rabbi of Cracow on account of his moderation and his tolerant attitude toward the followers of the *Haskalah movement, between whom and the Orthodox he was the mediator also during the chief rabbinate of Simeon *Sofer. His approbations appear in many books, and his responsa and halakhic decisions in the works of contemporary rabbis. Several of his responsa and letters were published in Ẓevi Hirsch *Chajes' Minḥat Kena'ot and in Jacob Eichhorn's Adat Ya'akov. The most distinguished of his pupils was Solomon Zalman Ḥayyim *Halberstam. Jener wrote Birkat Avraham, responsa (1870), and Ẓeluta de-Avraham, halakhic novellae, responsa, and homilies (1868).


Ḥ. D. Friedberg, Luḥot Zikkaron (1897), 79 no. 121; Busak, in: Sefer Cracow (1959), 97f.

[Itzhak Alfassi]

Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.