JANOW LUBELSKI (Pol. Janów Lubelski; Rus. Yanov Lyubelski), town in E. Poland. In the 16th century Jacob b. Isaac Ashkenazi, author of the Tsenah u-Re'enah (c. 1590), lived in Janow Lubelski. A traveler reported in 1678 that the Jews there owned especially well-built houses. In 1770 Jewish bakers and butchers were prohibited from selling bread or meat to non-Jews, and in general from trading outside the Jewish lane. There were 390 Jewish families in 1765, 1,520 persons (45.3% of the total population) in 1857, 1,447 (45.5%) in 1897, and 2,881 (44.8%) in 1921 with 13,407 (10.2%) in the whole district.
In March 1941 a few hundred Jews from Vienna were deported to Janow Lubelski. A labor camp housing 1,000 Jews was set up there. In August 1942 the Jewish population was sent to the
Regesty i nadpisi, 2 (1910); R. Mahler, in: Yunger Historiker, 2 (1929); K. Sochaniewicz, in: Pamiętnik Lubelski (1930); T. Brustin-Bernstein, in: Bleter far Geshikhte, 3 no. 1–2 (1950), 51–78. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Skarbek, "Zydzi wojewodztwa lubelskiego podcyas powstania listopadowego," in: BŻIH, 1 (1975), 93.
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.