JABLONNA, Polish military detention camp set up in the summer of 1920 during the Red Army counteroffensive on Warsaw. The facts that Jewish officers were serving in the Red Army and Jews were prominent in the Soviet leadership created an atmosphere of suspicion toward every Jew, particularly within the army, though civil authorities urged the Jews to make every sacrifice to save Poland. Young Jews, including former officers of the Austrian army, had joined up wishing to contribute their military experience to help in the defense. However, the military authorities, with the knowledge of the war minister K. Sosnkowski, gave instructions that all Jewish volunteers, and "in particular officers," be detained in a closed
Tsaitvailiger-Jidisher-National-Rat Bericht (1923), 18, 20; A. Ciolkosz, in: Dzielnica Zydowska obozu w Jablonnie, Zeszyty historyczne, 20 (1971), 178–99; A. Podlishewski, "A bletel geshihte," Haynt, Jubilei numer (1928) 184–85; Y. Gruenbaum, Milkhamot Yehudei Polania (1951), 111–12.
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.