(1) In the Koran, Hūd is the collective noun for Jews (Sura 2:105, 129, 134, 62:6), and the root hwd in two forms denotes the belief in Judaism (Sura 2:59; 4:48; 158–60, and see *Yahūd, Yahūd (i)). (2) The apostle Hūd was the earliest of the five apostles to be sent to the Arabs; the other four were Sālīh, *Abraham, Shuʿayb (*Jethro), and *Muhammad (e.g., Sura 7:63–71; 11:52–64). Some commentators occasionally identify Hūd with Eber (cf. Gen. 11:14). Hūd rebuked the tribe of ʿĀd, to whom he was sent, but they did not listen to his words and were all annihilated, with the exception of Hūd and a few of his followers (Sura 11:61). The assumption has long since been raised that Hūd was an allegorical figure who emerged as a result of the influence of Judaism.


"Hūd," in EIS2, 3 (1971), 537–38 (incl. bibl.); I. Eisenberg (ed.), Qisāʾī, Qisas (1922), 102–3; A. Geiger, Was hat Mohammed aus dem Judenthume aufgenommen? (1833), 111–7; Thaʿlabī, Qisas (1356H), 51–55.

[Haïm Z'ew Hirschberg]

Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.