HOPHRA (Heb. חָפְרַע; Egyptian Haʿaibre-Wahibe, "the heart of Ra appears"), king of Egypt of the 26th dynasty, 589–570 B.C.E. It is not clear precisely what role Hophra played as an ally of *Zedekiah of Judah during the latter's revolt against the Babylonians in 589 (cf. Jer. 37: 5–11 with Jer. 44:30). As the Egyptian records make no mention of these events, the sole sources are Greek and biblical. Hophra (Apriēs in the Greek sources) apparently seized the opportunity presented by Zedekiah's revolt to invade Cyprus and Phoenicia (Herodotus, 2:161), at first successfully, taking "Sidon by storm" and returning
Jer. 39–44; Herodotus, 2:161–3; 4:159; A. Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs (1961), 360–1. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Redford, in: ABD, 3:286–87.
[Alan Richard Schulman]
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.