HÁY, GYULA (Julius; 1900–1975), Hungarian and German playwright. From 1919 Háy lived in Germany but after 1933 moved to the U.S.S.R., returning to Hungary in 1945. While Isten, császár, paraszt ("God, Emperor, Peasant," 1940) was popular in Hungary, a number of Háy's Marxist dramas were successful in pre-Nazi Germany and later in East Berlin. These include Haben (1938) and Gerichtstag (1946). Jailed after the 1956 revolution, Háy moved to West Germany in 1966.

His autobiography, Born 1900, appeared in English in 1974.

Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.