FARAJ (Moses) BEN SOLOMON DA AGRIGENTO


FARAJ (Moses) BEN SOLOMON DA AGRIGENTO (Girgenti), also known as Ferragut and Faraj ben Salim (13th century), physician, translator, and author. Faraj was personal physician and official translator to Charles I of Anjou, king of Sicily, for whom he translated several medical treatises from Arabic into Latin. Among these are Liber Continens (Ar. Al-Ḥāwī), a medical encyclopedia in 20 parts by Rhazes (al-Rāzī), which he finished translating in 1279 and which was printed five times between 1486 and 1542; Tacuini Aegritudinum ac Morborum Corporis …, a translation made in 1280 of the Taqwīm al-Abdān by Abū ʿAlī ibn Jazla; and De Medicis Expertis by Pseudo-Galen. Faraj's authorship of other books cannot definitely be authenticated. However, if, as seems likely, Faraj is the same person as Moses b. Solomon of Salerno, he is also the author of a commentary on the Guide by *Maimonides. A picture of Faraj receiving the Al-Ḥāwī for translation from Charles I appears in a 13th-century illuminated manuscript.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Roth, Italy, 93–94.

[Attilio Milano]


Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.