CHANNEL ISLANDS, small archipelago off the coast of Normandy belonging to Great Britain. Jews seem to have lived there in the Middle Ages. A London Jew named Abraham was described in 1277 as being from "La Gelnseye" (Guernsey). The converted Portuguese Jew, Edward *Brampton, was appointed governor of Guernsey in 1482, and a few Jewish traders are recorded there in the second half of the 18th century. However, they did not set up a communal organization. Jews
J.M. Rigg (ed.), Select Pleas of the Exchequer of the Jews (1902), 93; C. Roth, Rise of Provincial Jewry (1950), 74–6. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: JYB 2004; D. Fraser, The Jews of the Channel Islands and the Rule of Law, 1940–1945 (2000).
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.