BUHUSI (Rom. Buhuşi), town in Moldavia, E. Romania. Jews settled there haround 1823, when the lord of the land of Buhusi, which was then a village, decided to set up a town on its grounds; they numbered 82 in 1831. Buhusi became an important center of Ḥasidism in Moldavia when the ẓaddik Isaac Friedman (1835–1896), the grandson of Rabbi Israel of
After the war the Jewish population rose to about 8,000 as some of the people driven out of the nearby villages chose to resettle in Buhusi. Most of these emigrated and by 1969 the town had 50 Jewish families and one synagogue. In 2004, there were no Jews left in Buhusi, but the synagogue of the ẓaddik remained and members of the ḥasidic community of Buhusi ("Bohosh"), organized in Bene Berak, Israel, made a pilgrimage there once a year.
J. Kaufman, Cronica communitatilor Israelite din Judetul Neamtu, II (1929), 383–84; PK Romanyah, I, 21–24; M. Carp, Cartea Neagra, 1 (1946), 136–38. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: L.Z. Herscovici, in: Minimum (Dec. 1988); idem, in: Toledot ha-Yehudim be-Romanyah, 2 (2001), 197–203; S. Leibovici-Lais, Intre legenda si realitate (1995), 229–39; M.S. Salomon, in: Koveẓ Be'er Yiẓḥak, 1 (1992), 28–33.
[Eliyahu Feldman and
Theodor Lavi /
Lucian-Zeev Herscovici (2nd ed.)]
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.