BOLZANO (Ger. Bolzen), capital of Bolzano province, northern Italy. Jewish moneylenders began to settle in Bolzano after it passed to the Habsburgs in 1363. While some originated from Italy, they were predominantly of German origin. The
[Daniel Carpi /
Federica Francesconi (2nd ed.)]
According to the 1938 census of Jews in Italy, there were 938 Jews in the province of Bolzano. When the Germans occupied Italy after the Italian armistice with the Allies on September 8, 1943, the province, along with those of Trent and Belluno, was separated from the Italian Social Republic and included in the Zona delle Prealpi (Alpenvorland), under direct German administration. About 38 Jewish residents of the province were deported during the period of German occupation. Another 207 Jews from all over Italy were deported from the transit camp of Gries, established in a suburb of Bolzano after the closing of Fossoli on August 1, 1944.
[Susan Zuccotti (2nd ed.)]
Ḥ.Y.D. Azulai, Ma'gal Tov ha-Shalem, 1 (1921), 12; J.E. Scherer, Die Rechtsverhaeltnisse der Juden in den deutsch-oesterreichischen Laendern (1901); G. Ottani, Un popolo piange (1945); G. Canali, Il magistrato mercantile di Bolzano… (1942). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Villani Cinzia. Ebrei fra leggi razziste e deportazioni nelle province di Bolzano, Trento e Belluno (1996).
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.