Jews around the world
- The Jews of Syria
Since the time of King David's Rule, over 2,500 years ago, Syria has been a historic home for Jews. Nearly 50,000 Jews lived in Syria in the late 19th century, many of whom immigrated to New York and Mexico City before World War I in order to avoid the mandatory draft.
- The Jews of Iraq
The Jewish Community of Iraq is one of the longest existing communities. In 722 BCE the Jews were first brought to Iraq thought a larger community was established there in 586 BCE when the Babylonians dominated the southern tribes of Israel and enslaved the Jews. Later, the region became home to some of the most well-known Jewish scholars who created the Babylonian Talmud.
- The Jews of Egypt
In 1956 almost 25,000 Jews were expelled from Egypt under the pretext of the Sinai Campaign. 1,000 more Jews were sent to prisons. A short time later an announcement was read throughout Egypt declaring all Jews and Zionists enemies of the state and ordering them to leave the country.
- The Jews of Tunisia
Being the only Arab country under German occupation during world war The Jews of Tunisia were required to apply Nazi policies under the threat of death or imprisonment. When Tunisia gained independence in 1956 many anti-Jewish laws were publicized and ancient Jewish landmarks were destroyed.
- The Jews of Morocco
Before World War II, Morocco's Jewish Population reached 225,000 and even though they were not deported the Jews of Morocco suffered great humiliation under the Vichy government. During the years to come economic boycotts were initiated and pogroms and riots led to the death of many Jews.
- The Jews of Yemen
Other then small numbers of Christians, Hindus and Baha'is, Jews are the only indigenous religion minority in Yemen today. This small community is tolerated and the practice of Judaism is allowed. However, the Jews of Yemen are treated as second class citizens and cannot be elected for political positions or serve in the army.
- The Jews of Iran
The Jews of Iran are one of the oldest jewish communities in the diaspora, their historical roots leading back to the time of the first temple, 6th century BCE.
Many books, such as Ezra and Daniel give a favorable description of the relationship between the court of the Achaemids at Susa and the Jews of those days.
- The Jews of Lebanon
Roughly 7,000 Jews lived in Beirut in the 50's, however, being a Jewish Community in an Arab country and knowing their place could never be secure, most of them left in 1967. In 1976 the remaining Jews immigrated in fear of the growing Syrian power.
- The Jews of Libya
Thought it was once home to a large Jewish community now Libya is empty of Jews due to immigration and pogroms.
When Libya was granted independence, in 1951, thousands of Jews fled the country in anticipation of the coming days. Not a long time latter most of the remaining Jews were killed and hurt in anti-Jewish pogroms.
- The Jews of Algeria
Many Jews, amongst them many scholars moved to Algeria in the 14th century, when the conditions in Spain worsened and when the country was occupied by the French in 1830 the Jew adopted the French culture and received French citizenship. At the brake of World War I there were about 120,000 Jews in Algeria. Under the rule of Vichy the Jews were persecuted economically and socially but participated in the resistance and eventually helped neutralize the Algiers.
- The Jews in Greece — Introduction
The Greek Jews were, during World War II, the strongest Jewish community and Nazi measures to apply the "final solution" in Greece are well known and so is the great help the Greek Jews received form both individuals and Greek resistance organizations.