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(Heb. hand) Hand-shaped pointer used while reading from Torah
- Israeli authority and museum for commemorating the Holocaust in
the Nazi era and Jewish resistance and heroism at that time.
- (Yiddish, year-time) Anniversary
of a death; a 24-hour candle lit to commemorate
the death anniversary of a close relative, also
lit on holy days when Yizkor (prayer of remembrance)
- A 13th-century midrashic anthology on the Bible attributed to a certain Simeon; Germany.
- The Salt Sea; the Dead Sea.
- Lake Tiberias.
- Days of Awe. The Hebrew name for the High Holy Days.
- The main Jewish city in occupied northern Sinai; established in 1975 and evacuated in April 1983 in compliance with the Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty.
- The Hasmonean King of Judea (103-76 BCE). Yannai expanded his
kingdom over the whole coast region from Mount Carmel to the Egyptian
border. Yannai then became unpopular, and during years of unrest
attacks from the Nabateans caused him to lose much of his gains.
Yannai eventually became popular again and regained part of the
territories back, including the Golan and the eastern bank of the
- See kippah.
- Used idiomatically to express praise or thanks
for serving in a religious or ceremonial role.
Implies may your strength continue,
go on straight, i.e., You done good!
Do it many times more!
- Haredi daily controlled by Rabbi Eliezer Shach.
- Latest News; mass-circulation newspaper.
- Judea; southern part of the West Bank.
- Distinctive sign which, by Nazi order, was compulsorily worn by
- Going down; emigration from Israel.
- Yesha is the Hebrew acronym for Judea, Samaria and Gaza (Yehuda, Shomron, Aza), also referred to as “the territories.” The Yesha Council was founded in the late 1970s as the successor to Gush Emunim, the organization that led the settling of Jews in the territories following the Six-Day War. Since its inception, the Yesha Council's primary goal has been to strengthen and increase the Jewish presence in the territories. The Council represents all of Israeli cities, towns and villages in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Its plenum is comprised of 25 mayors and 10 other community leaders.
- (Heb. There Is a Boundary) Peace group whose members refuse to perform army service in Lebanon or occupied lands.
- (pl. yeshivot). A Jewish rabbinic academy of higher learning.
See also beit midrash.
- A Zionist yeshiva whose students combine rabbinical studies and military service.
- A technical Hebrew term for human "inclination" to
do good (yetzer ha-tov) or to do evil (yetzer ha-ra).
- The sacred name of God in Jewish scriptures
and tradition; also known as the tetragrammaton.
Since Hebrew was written without vowels in ancient
times, the four consonants YHWH contain no clue
to their original pronunciation. They are generally
in contemporary scholarship. In traditional Judaism,
the name is not pronounced, but Adonai (Lord) or something
similar is substituted. In most English versions of the Bible the
tetragrammaton is represented by "LORD" (or less frequently,
Jehovah). Yiddish (from German Juedisch
or Jewish). The vernacular of Ashkenazic Jews;
it is a combination of several languages, especially
Hebrew and German, written in Hebrew script.
- Family status or prestige.
- A short time of seclusion immediately following the marriage ceremony
that the bride and groom spend alone together.
- (pl. Yidden). A Jew, usually considered a derogatory
term when used by non-Jews.
- Uses the same alphabet as Hebrew but is a blend of Hebrew and
several European languages, primarily German. Yiddish was the vernacular
of East European and Russian Jews.
- Yiftach Operation
- On April 30, 1948, Jewish forces launched an operation to capture Tsfat. On May 11, they captured the city, resulting in a mass Arab exodus.
- (from Heb., to be great; thence Great is he).
A hymn/chant/poem from the 11th century or earlier,
frequently found at the beginning or end of the
Jewish prayer book (siddur). Also found as an
adopted Christian hymn.
- The Jewish community of Palestine. The pre-Zionist
community is generally designated the old yishuv, and the community
evolving from 1880 the new yishuv.
- (Heb. Grandfather of Israel) The stereotype of the traditional Jew and Judaism.
- (Remembrance) It is the name of
the Memorial Service on Yom Kippur, and a prayer
in that service in which Jews specify those whom
they are remembering.
- Yoav Operation
- Ignoring the provisions of the second truce, the Egyptians denied Jewish convoys passage through the Hatta-Karatiya gap in their line. In addition, they captured positions beyond the truce demarcation lines and attacked several IDF posts that covered the pass. Following an Egyptian raid on inter-kibbutz communications routes and the firing on an Israeli convoy on October 15, the Israel Army and Air force took the offensive and launched Operation Yoav. In seven days they succeeded in opening the road to the Negev and capturing its capital, Beersheba.
- Israeli Independence Day.
- (Heb. Friday) Weekly commercial haredi newspaper.
- Holocaust Remembrance Day.
- Israeli Memorial Day.
- (Heb. Day of Atonement) Annual
day of fasting and atonement, occurring in the
fall on Tishri 10 (just after Rosh Hashanah);
the most solemn and important occasion of the
Jewish religious year. See also calendar.
Yom Kippur War
- In October 1973, Syrian and Egyptian forces, assisted by other
Arab nations, launched a surprise attack on Israel on Yom Kippur,
the holiest day of the year for Jews. Although placed on the defensive
for the first two days, Israel eventually was able to counter-attack
and repulse the Arab invaders. An internationally-brokered cease-fire
was established after three weeks of fighting.
- Holiday celebrating the reunification of Jerusalem in the hands
of the modern state of Israel.
- Jewish holiday.
- (Heb. gone out) One who has properly
fulfilled an obligation.
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- Organization founded in 1932 by Henrietta Szold to rescue Jewish
children and young people and give them care and education in Eretz