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Jewish rescue committees that functioned in different countries
in Europe during the Holocaust
- The national council of the Jewish community in Palestine during
the British Mandate.
Valley of Tears
- A stretch of valley in the northern Golan Heights where an Israeli
force of 100 tanks was decimated by the invading Syrian army in
1973. Only seven tanks survived, but they continued to fight. Thanks
to similar courage in the southern Golan, the Syrians were routed
within four days and nearly 600 Syrian tanks were left in ruins
in the Valley of Tears.
- Vanunu Affair
- In 1986, former nuclear researcher Mordechai Vanunu revealed information about Israel’s nuclear program and was tried and imprisoned for 18 years for treason.
- (Heb. and He called) The third book
of the Torah (Leviticus).
- Declaration of the European Council on the Middle East in June
1980. They laid out in detail that the European Economic Committee believes in the right
to existence and security of all states in the Middle East and justice
for all peoples.
- Death (or extermination) camp, used for murdering
Jews and other
Vespasian, Titus Flavius
- (c. 9-79 CE) Roman general appointed as a commander of the army
with the duty of crushing the Jewish revolt. Vespasian suppressed
the resistance in the Galilee, then proclaimed the Roman Emperor
in 69 CE and appointed his son Titus as a commander.
- Village League
- In 1977, Israel encouraged the formation of the Village League to promote alternative Palestinian leadership of the civil, economic, and social life of the West Bank and Gaza.
- (1720-1797) Elijah ben Solomon Zalman; major scholar and Jewish intellectual leader; sage of the Mitnagg'dim (anti-Hasidim); Lithuania.
- On June 24, 1941, the Germans occupied Vilna which had been a
Soviet Republic just prior to the invasion. A series of anti-Jewish
decrees followed. Jews were ordered to wear the yellow star front
and back. Certain streets were out-of -bounds, shopping was restricted
and a curfew imposed. A Judenrat was established.
- Volcano Operation
- On November 2, 1955, Israel attacked As-Sabha on the Egyptian side of the Al-Auja Demilitarized Zone.
- People In Nazi times, took
on a more defined meaning: People joined by blood.
- A Nazi term for a person of German ancestry living outside of
Germany. They did not have German or Austrian citizenship as defined
by the Nazi term Reichsdeutscher. Nazi Germany made great efforts
to enlist the support of the Volksdeutshe, who constituted minorities
in several countries. Nazi Germany received support from the Volksdeutsche;
hundreds of thousands joined the German armed forces,including the
- People's car Hitler wanted to make a
cheap car for the lower class Germans.
- People's community A community united
by common German blood; i.e., no more social
groups (communists, Jews, political parties,
Catholics, Homosexuals, Jehovah witnesses).
- Explanation, discourse, opinion.
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- From Latin, common, popular. The official Roman Catholic Latin
version of the Bible, prepared or edited by Jerome (Hieronymus)
around the year 400 C.E. See also Septuagint.