An ancient Canaanite language of northern Syria, closely related to Hebrew; an archive of Ugaritic writings discovered at Ras Shamra is important in biblical studies.
- Class or school for intensive study of Hebrew language.
- (Ger.). Collection point. It was a square in the Warsaw Ghetto
where Jews were rounded up for deportation to Treblinka.
UN General Assembly Resolution 194
- Resolution adopted on December 11, 1948, to
address the issue of Arab refugees. Often cited
as granting the Palestinians a "right
to return" to their homes, the resolution actually
says those wishing to return must be willing
to live at peace with their neighbors. Compensation
and resettlement are also presented as options.
The Arab states voted unanimously against the
Unified National Leadership of the Uprising (UNLU)
- Umbrella organization of the main political factions in the areas
Palestinians live. Organized the first Intifada.
- Unit 101
- A special unit led by Colonel Ariel Sharon and formed in 1953 that carried out retaliatory attacks against Fedayeen forces.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 242
- Resolution adopted in 1967 that established
the principle of land for peace. The resolution
calls for the [w]ithdrawal of Israeli
armed forces from territories occupied in the recent conflict,
as well as calling for the Arab states to recognize that every
State in the area has the right to live in peace within
secure and recognized boundaries free from threats or acts of force.
UNSC Resolution 242 also stresses the importance of freedom of navigation
through Middle East waterways and a just
settlement of the refugee problem.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 338
- Resolution adopted in 1973 calling for a cease-fire in the Yom
Kippur War, the implementation of UNSC Resolution 242 and negotiations
between the parties involved in the Arab-Israeli conflict.
United Nations War Crimes Commission
- The Commission was established following discussions
between representatives of the Allied powers
in London, on October 20, 1943, and first met
in January 1944.
- A secret network which is organized to resist authority.
UNRWA (United Nations Relief and Works Agency)
- Founded in 1949 as a Palestinian emergency assistance organization.
Its mandate is to provide education, health and relief services.
Its headquarters are in Gaza.
- The UN Special Coordinator in the West Bank and Gaza established
in June 1994. This person facilitates UN programs in the region
and donated monies.
UNSCOP (United Nations Special Committee on Palestine)
- Appointed in April 1947 to investigate the situation in Palestine
and propose solutions. The majority of the committee recommended
to partition Palestine, giving the Negev and a small part of the
western part of the country to the Jews and giving what is now the
West Bank and most of the northern part of the country to the Arabs.
The Arab Higher Committee rejected the partition plan, the Jewish
Agency accepted it.
- (Ger. Subhumans) Nazi categorization
for the lesser races of Eastern Europe.
UNTSO (United Nations Truce Supervision Organization)
- Established in June 1948 to assist the UN Mediator and the Truce
Commission in supervising a truce between the Jews and the Arabs
in Palestine. The group is still in operation today in Beirut, the
Sinai and the Golan with headquarters are in Jerusalem.
- After the surrender of Germany, Great Britain, the United States,
France and the Soviet Union divided Germany and Austria into 4 zones
of occupation. The cities of Berlin and Vienna were similarly divided.
The Western zones became the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany)
and the Soviet zone became the German Democratic Republic (East
Germany). In 1990 West and East Germany were reunited.
- Uvda Operation
- On March 5, 1948, Israel captured additional territory in the Negev, extending its borders to the Gulf of Aqaba and securing a sea route from the south.