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- Evil eye.
- Rabat Arab Summit
- A meeting held in Rabat, Morocco in October 1974 at which Arab participants, except for Jordan, agreed to recognize the Palestinian Liberation Organization as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people and the Palestinian right of return.
- (Arabic, Lord) In Islam, a frequent
title for God (Allah). From the same Semitic
root as Hebrew rabbi.
- Adherent of rabbinic Jsudaism.
- (Heb. Our Rabbi)
- (Heb. my master; adj. rabbinic)
An authorized teacher of the classical Jewish
tradition (see oral law) after the fall of the
second Temple in 70 CE. The role of the rabbi
has changed considerably throughout the centuries.
Traditionally, rabbis serve as the legal and
spiritual guides of their congregations and communities.
The title is conferred after considerable study
of traditional Jewish sources. This conferral
and its responsibilities is central to the chain
of tradition in Judaism.
- A general term encompassing all movements of Judaism descended
from Pharisaic Judaism; that is, all movements in existence today.
- Rabin Plan
- Rabin’s peace plan released in January 1989 that called for election of Palestinian delegates who would negotiate with Israel over the status of the territories and the suspension of the Intifada for six months. However, the plan failed due to internal Israeli differences in the status of Jerusalem Palestinians’ right to vote.
- Anyone committing an act that is contrary to the anti-Semitic
edicts of the Nuremberg Laws, or of other anti-Semitic or racial
orders by the German government.
- Mercy, compassion.
- ("Racial hygiene") This word relates to the eugenics
side of the Holocaust which the Nazis used to give a "scientific"
backbone to their final solution.
- (c.1160-c. 1235) Acronym for “Rabbi David (ben Joseph) Kimhi;” grammarian, lexicographer, and Bible commentator; France.
- A city in central Poland of about 100,000 population before World
War II, approximately one-third Jewish. After Radom was seized by
the German army on September 8, 1939 it was incorporated within
the Generalgouvernement. The Generalgouvernement was a German administrative
unit which was organized in occupied central and southern Poland
but not directly incorporated into the German Reich. Anti-Jewish
persecutions and abductions to forced labor preceded the establishment
in March, 1941 of the Radom ghetto. Allotted rations in the ghetto
were 100 grams (3.5 oz) of bread daily per person. Hundreds were
shot attempting to smuggle food in from the outside. Eventually,
most of the ghetto residents were deported to Treblinka extermination
camp. A few hundred Jewish survivors returned after the war to settle
in Radom, but soon left the city.
- A socialist political party founded in 1965 by David Ben-Gurion
and members of Mapai as a result of a split in Mapai. Became part
of the Labor Party in 1968.
- Rainbow Operation
- Following the killing of 13 Israeli soldiers in the Gaza Strip, on May 18, 2004 Israel launched a military operation to remove the underground tunnels the Palestinians used to smuggle weapons from Egypt
- Acronym for R'shimat HaKommunisti Hahadasha, New Communist List.
- (1288-1344) Acronym for “Rabbi Levi ben Gershon;” also known as Gersonides; Bible commentator; scientist and philosopher; France.
- (1194-1270) Rabbi Moshe ben Nachman, also known as Nachmanides.
- A wicked person.
- (c. 1080-1174) Acronym for “Rabbi Samuel ben Meir;” grandson of Rashi; Bible and Talmud commentator; France.
- (1040-1105) Acronym for Rabbi Solomon (Sholomo) ben Isaac, a great medieval
sage of Troyes, France. He is the author of fundamental commentaries
on the Talmud, and one of the most beloved and influential commentaries
on the Bible. Characterized by great lucidity and pedagogy, his
comments emphasized the plain, straightforward sense of a text.
- (Ger. Race Treason) Product of Nuremburg
Laws (this dealt w/intermarriages).
Rath, Ernst Vom
- (1909-1938) Third secretary at the German Embassy in Paris who was assassinated
on November 7, 1938 by Herschel Grynszpan (see Grynszpan, Herschel).
- A general term for the perspective that holds that everything
is actually or potentially understandable by human reason. See also
agnosticism, atheism, mysticism.
- Citizen's Rights Party; now part of Meretz.
Raysheet tzmihat g'ulatanu
- The beginning of the dawn of our redemption; the State of Israel as conceived by religious Zionism.
- Ronald Reagan unveiled an initiative on September 1, 1982 that called for reconciliation, Israeli security needs, and Palestinian statehood aspirations.
- The title of the spiritual leader of the Hasidim. See zaddik.
- Rabbi's wife.
- A dissenting movement in ancient Israel generally devoted to certain
ascetic practices and a simple lifestyle (see Jeremiah 35.1-19).
- Reconstructionist Judaism
- Founded by Mordecai M. Kaplan (1881-1982), this represents a recent development in American Judaism, and attempts to focus on Judaism as a civilization and culture constantly adapting to insure survival in a natural social process. The central academic institution is the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College in the Philadelphia suburbs. See also Reform and Conservative Judaism.
Red Magen David
- This Israeli equivalent of the Red Cross is the Hebrew name of
the six-pointed Jewish star.
- An editor, especially with reference to ancient books such as
the Jewish and Christian scriptures.
- A term from ancient economic vocabulary concerning
the freeing by purchasing (manumission) of slaves,
applied to the religious concept (especially
in Christianity) of salvation from slavery to
sin (being redeemed).
- Modern lingo for
withdrawal of Israel Defense Forces units.
- Modern movement originating in 18th century Europe that attempts
to see Judaism as a rational religion adaptable to modern needs
and sensitivities. The ancient traditions and laws are historical
relics that need have no binding power over modern Jews. The central
academic institution of American Reform Judaism is the Hebrew Union
College in Cincinnati, and it is represented also by the Central
Conference of American Rabbis. Compare Conservative and Reconstructionist
Judaism. See Pittsburgh Platform, Geiger.
- Name given to the protestant Christian movements
(and the period itself) in the 16th century in
which Roman Catholicism was opposed in the interest
of "reforming" Christianity to what
was considered its earliest known form (found
in the New Testament).
- Plan proposed by United States President Reagan in September 1982
to end the Arab-Israeli conflict. It stated that over a five year
period the Palestinians should established a democracy government
with free elections and that Israel should freeze all settlement
activity and work out plans with Jordan to have a Palestinian entity.
- Israel's version of Seseme Street.
- (Ger. empire) Also meaning Federal
- Reich Leader of the SS. Throughout the
history of the Third Reich, this position was
occupied by Heinrich Himmler, who, for most of
the period, was also Chief of the German Police.
Reichskommisar fur die Festingung des deutschen Volkstums
- Commissioner for the Consolidation of German
This office was established by Hitler in 1939 in the context of
the plan to reconstitute the demographic structure of German occupied
Poland. Persons of German origin settled in Poland and further
east were to be settled in that part of Poland that was annexed
to the Third Reich. Jews and Poles resident
in these areas were to be moved to eastern Poland,
the area known as the Generalgouvernement.
Reichskommissariat fur das Ostland
- The name for the German civil administration
in the eastern occupied territories of the USSR. There was a separate Reichskommissariat
for the Ukraine. The Reichskommissariat
was subdivided into smaller administrative units.
- The National Central Security Department formed in 1939 combining
the existing Security Police (Gestapo and Kripo) and the SD. It
was the central office of the Supreme Command of the SS and the
National Ministry of the Interior.
- The German Parliament. On February 27, 1933, a staged fire burned
the Reichstag building. A month later, on March 23, 1933, the Reichstag
approved the Enabling Act which gave Hitler unlimited dictatorial
power. After that the Reichstag became a rubber stamp for Hitler's
Reichszentrale fuer Juedische Auswanderung
- Nazi central agency for Jewish emigration matters set up in the
German Ministry of' Interior on Jan. 14, 1939.
- Reinhard Operation
- The code name for the plan to destroy the millions of Jews in the General Government, within the framework of the Final Solution. It began in October 1941, with the deportation of Jews from ghettos to extermination camps. The three extermination camps established under Operation Reinhard were Belzec, Sobibór, and Treblinka.
- Coalition of groups created in Baghdad in 1974. Its members are
PFLP, PFLP-GC, PSF and PLF.
- The modern position that affirms that everything (except this
statement!) is relative to the particularities of the given situation.
- (Latin) Name usually given to the "rebirth" of
classical knowledge that erupted in the 15th
century and provided background for the protestant
reformation and associated events in Europe.
- A term used especially in protestant Christianity to indicate
the subjective state of sorrow and concern over sin, on the way
- Those who helped rescue Jews without regard to the personal consequences.
- German euphemism for the deportation of prisoners to killing centers
- The word commonly used to describe how Jews fought against the
- Also called teshubot, from sheelot uteshubot (questions and answers); answers to questions on halaka and observances, given by Jewish scholars on topics addressed to
them. They originated during the geonic period, and are still used
as a means of modern updating and revising of halaka.
- The idea that dead persons who have found favor with the deity
will ultimately (in eschatological times) be raised from the dead,
with restored bodily form.
- A general term for self-disclosure of the divine
(God reveals to humans), which is often considered
to be focused in the revealed scriptures. Also
the name of a specific Christian biblical book,
the Apocalypse (Greek, uncovered) or Revelation
- Zionist Party of maximalist political Zionists founded in 1925 and
led by Vladimir Jabotinsky. Holocaust revisionists deny that the Holocaust
Ribono shel Olam
- (Heb. Master of the Universe) Reference
Righteous of the Nations (Righteous Gentiles)
- Term applied to those non-Jews who saved Jews from their Nazi
persecutors at the risk of their own lives.
- (Heb. pomegranates) Decorations on top
of wooden rollers of Torah.
- (1900-1944) Famed historian and public leader, best known
for his clandestine archive called the Oneg Shabbat, hidden
in milk cans in the Warsaw Ghetto.
- Disturbances with heavy bloodshed, high death-toll,
perpetrated by Arabs to sabotage Yishuv development,
stop immigration &
land purchases1920, 1921, 1929, 1936-39.
- (Heb. First to Zion) Title given to the Sephardic chief rabbi of Israel, name of one of the first towns established in Israel by the Biluim.
Road Map for Peace
- Peace plan first presented by the Bush administration in 2003 which called for the establishment of two states to be implemented in three stages.
Rockwell, George Lincoln
- (1918-1967) an American neo-Nazi who achieved
notoriety out of proportion to the minuscule
number of his followers due to his flair for
publicity. He founded the American Nazi Party
in 1958. He and his "storm troopers" would appear
in full Nazi regalia after informing the media
in advance. In 1967, he was assassinated by one
of his discontented followers.
- (Heb.) Physician, doctor, healer.
- Peace plan proposed by US Secretary of State William Rogers on
December 9, 1969. The plan called for an Israeli-Egyptian cease-fire
agreement along the Suez Canal and an opening of negotiations between
Israel and Egypt and Israel and Jordan.
- National Socialist leader of SA and early compatriot
of Hitler. Rohm was dissatisfied with the "slow pace" the National
Socialist were taking in seizing power. He advocated a "Second
National Socialist Revolution". Hitler viewed this as a threat
to his seizure of power via political maneuvering. Rohm among many
others was murdered during the " Night of the Long Knives".
- (67 BCE-313 CE) The period after the Land of Israel was conquered
by Roman general Pompey. Jews regained some autonomy at first, but
after the Jewish revolt it was completely lost.
- Head of government; prime minister.
- (Heb. head of the year)
Jewish New Year celebration in the fall of the
year, the month of Tishri. See also calendar.
- (Heb. head of a lunar month)
The New Moon Festival. See also calendar.
- (initials of Ger. Reichssicherheitshauptamt), the central
security department of the German Reich, formed in 1939, and combining
the security police and the S.D.
(Heb.) Spirit, wind.
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- Ruach HaKodesh
- (Heb.) Divine Spirit