Simeon was the second son of Jacob and Leah and father of the
tribe of Simeon, one of
the twelve tribes of Israel.
The Hebrew meaning of his name means "God has heard that I was unloved" (Genesis
29:33). He and his brother Levi destroyed the entire village of
Shechem in retribution for the rape of their sister Dinah (Genesis
34). Simeon was a part of the plot to sell his brother Joseph into slavery. After the family was invited to Egypt during the famine
in Canaan, he was appointed as the individual to stay behind as collateral
for Benjamin so that
his brothers would return from Canaan.
The tribe of Simeon lived in the southernmost part
of the Land of Israel.
Sources: Bridger, David. Ed. The
New Jewish Encyclopedia, NY: Behrman House, 1976; Navigating
the Bible II