Ulrich von Schwanenfeld
(1902 - 1944)
Ulrich von Schwanenfeld was an early opponent of the Nazi regime who advocated Germany's renewal on Christian-socialist principles. He believed
early on that Hitler must be killed to overthrow the regime and that the aristocratic class
must set the example by initiating a "revolution from above."
He maintained close contacts with the Abwehr and Kreisau Circle.
Schwanenfeld served as liaison to co-conspirators General Ludwig Beck, Dr.
Carl Goerdeler, Count
Ulrich von Hassell, General
Hans Oster, General Siegfried Wagner, Professor Johannes Popitz.
and Professor Jens Jessen. He was devoted to helping coup leader Colonel
Claus von Stauffenberg and was a close friend of co-conspirators
Count Peter York von Wartemburg and Count Fritz-Dietlof
von der Schulenberg.
Schwanenfeld became an aide to Field
Marshal Erwin von Witzleben in Paris. The following year, Oster
arranged Schwanenfeld's transfer to Army High Command Headquarters-Berlin.
he became convinced that a coup no longer would save Germany from unconditional
surrender, but continued to call for Hitler's assassination.
Schwanenfeld was on hand in Army Headquarters to help
Stauffenberg's uprising on July
20, 1944. He was arrested that same night, along with fellow conspirators
York, Schulenberg, and Berthold von Stauffenberg. The People's Court
subsequently sentenced him to death. He was hanged in Plotzensee prison
on August 21, 1944.
Sources: Joric Center