Rabbi Abraham Samuel Benjamin Sofer
(1815 - 1871)
Oldest son of the Chasam Sofer and Sorel, daughter
of Rabbi Akiva Eger, he was known as the Ksav Sofer. After the Chasam
death in 1839, the Ksav Sofer succeeded him as Rabbi
and as head of the important Yeshiva in Pressburg, at the unusually
young age of 24. Following n the footsteps of his illustrious father,
the Ksav Sofer was a distinguished scholar as well as a strong and influential
In 1868, a Jewish Congress was convened in Budapest to chart the course of Jewish communal autonomy in Hungary.
The long smoldering conflict between the Orthodox and the Neologists (The Hungarian Reformers) climaxed in the formation
of a separate Orthodox Community. The Ksav Sofer was the dominant Orthodox
figure during this critical period.
The Pressburger Yeshiva was the single most important
yeshiva in Hungary and produced
rabbis as well as knowledgeable laymen up till the second world war. The battle to preserve authentic Judaism against the forces clamoring for radical change was successfully fought
by the Ksav Sofer. The Ksav Sofer served as Rabbi of Pressburg for thirty
three years, the exact number of years his father had served before
him. His main works are the Ksav Sofer on Chumash and four volumes
of responsa. In addition, a number of volumes on Talmud have appeared. After World War II, a number of his unpublished manuscripts
were recovered and are in the process of being published.