John M. Deutch
(1938 - )
John Mark Deutch is a Jewish American psysical chemist and civil servant.
Deutch was born to Russian Jewish parents in Brussels, Belgium in 1938 and became a U.S. citizen in 1945.
He earned his B.A. degree in history and economics from Amherst College in Massachusetts and in 1961, earned a bachelor's of science degree in chemical engineering from the Massachuseets Institute of Technology (MIT). He holds a PhD in chemistry from MIT, as well.
In the late 1970s, Deutch served in the U.S. Department of Energy. He was also provost of MIT until 1990.
In 1995, President Bill Clinton appointed Deutch Director of Central Intelligence. At the CIA, Deutch continued the policy of his predecessor R. James Woosley to declassify Cold War records vis-a-vis U.S. covert operations. He also encouraged more diversity at the CIA, namely of women and minorities.
A controversy over classified information probably related to drug dealing led to Deutch's resignation from his CIA post in 1996 and President Clinton pardoned him on his last day in office.
Deutch is now an Institute Professor at MIT and serves on the Board of Directors of Citigroup, Cummings, Raytheon and Schlumberger Ltd. He also belongs to the Trilateral Commission, an NGO founded by David Rockefeller to foster ties between North America, Japan, and Western Europe.
This biography was written with the research assistance of Eli Nirenberg.