Faisal ibn Husseini
(1885 - 1933)
Amir Faisal ibn Husseini was born in Mecca on May
20, 1885. His father, Husseini ibn Ali was Sharif of Mecca under the Ottoman Empire. They were
part of the Hashemite Dynasty, a distinguished faction in the Arab
When Faisal was a young child, his father was moved
by the Ottomans to Constantinople. Faisal was educated here.
In 1908, Faisal returned to Mecca with his father and
began to gain power in the Arab world. First he worked under his father
when his father was governor of Mecca. He then served in the Turkish
army in Syria from 1915 to
1916. While he was there he made contracts with Arab nationalists to
start a revolt.
In 1916, Faisal led an Arab revolt against the Ottomon
Empire in order to gain independence. He was assisted by the British
and was able to conquer Syria and Transjordan. Faisal became
king of Syria and Faisal's brother was able to take the throne in Jordan
in 1920. A year later, the British arranged for Faisal to rule Syria
provided that he carried out the British
Mandate over the country.
In 1923, Britain crowned Faisal king of Iraq with the understanding that Iraq would be made an independent state.
Faisal signed an agreement with Britain that led to Iraq's independence.
In 1932, Iraq became an independent nation and was granted membership
into the League of Nations.
On September 8, 1933, Faisal died in Bern, Switzerland.
His son Ghazi succeded him as king.
Sources: Article written by Sarah Szymkowicz