Faisal ibn Husseini
by Sarah Szymkowicz
Amir Faisal ibn Husseini was born in Mecca on May 20, 1885. His father, Husseini ibn Ali was Sharif of Mecca under the Ottoman Empire. They were part of the Hashemite Dynasty, a distinguished faction in the Arab world.
When Faisal was a young child, his father was moved by the Ottomans to Constantinople. Faisal was educated here.
In 1908, Faisal returned to Mecca with his father and began to gain power in the Arab world. First he worked under his father when his father was governor of Mecca. He then served in the Turkish army in Syria from 1915 to 1916. While he was there he made contracts with Arab nationalists to start a revolt.
In 1916, Faisal led an Arab revolt against the Ottomon Empire in order to gain independence. He was assisted by the British and was able to conquer Syria and Transjordan. Faisal became king of Syria and Faisal's brother was able to take the throne in Jordan in 1920. A year later, the British arranged for Faisal to rule Syria provided that he carried out the British Mandate over the country.
In 1923, Britain crowned Faisal king of Iraq with the understanding that Iraq would be made an independent state. Faisal signed an agreement with Britain that led to Iraq's independence. In 1932, Iraq became an independent nation and was granted membership into the League of Nations.
On September 8, 1933, Faisal died in Bern, Switzerland. His son Ghazi succeded him as king.