Anne Frank was a Jewish victim of the Holocaust most well-known for the diary she kept while in hiding which has since become one of the world's most widely read books.
Frank (born June 12, 1929; died early March 1945) was born in Frankfurt am Main in Germany.
In 1933, when the anti-Jewish National
Socialist Party led by Adolf Hitler came to power, Frank's parents - Edith and Otto - realized
that there was no future in Germany for the Jewish people.
They quickly fled to the Netherlands that same year.
Until around age eleven, Anne grew
up without a care in a relatively safer Holland. In 1940, however, the Netherlands was occupied by Germany and the protection that Holland was able to provide to its Jewish citizens came
to an end.
Beginning in 1942,
the first Jews in Holland received call-up notices to report for the so-called “work”
camp Westerbork. The majority of Jews obey
the call-up to report for the “work” camps as fleeing
is almost impossible and refusal to obey could lead to death or shipment to prison camps.
To avoid deportation or exile to the camps, Anne's parents go into hiding in the annex
of the building that houses Otto's business. In order to protect Anne from the danger
that threatens them, Anne's father tells her only a few days before
that the family is not going to
a camp but are instead going to hide from the Germans.
On July 6, 1942, the Frank family went into hiding. Even
though Anne saw hiding as an exciting adventure, the hiding place quickly became too small for her restless
character. For more than two years, Frank describes her daily
life in hiding through writing.
On August 4, 1944, the secret annex where Frank and her family are hiding was discovered and raided by the Grüne Polizei (Security Police). Anne and her family are arrested and are quickly deported to concentration
camps in Holland, Poland, and Germany.
The eight residents of the secret annex were transported
to Auschwitz on the last
train leaving the transit camp Westerbork.
After a month at Auschwitz, Anne
and her sister Margot are transported to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where thousands of people die everyday from hunger and
sickness. Margot and Anne both contract typhus and die within
a short time of each other in March 1945, only a few weeks before the liberation.
Of all those in hiding in the secret annex, only Anne's father - Otto Frank - survives the camps.