(1873 - 1955)
Leopold Amery was born in Gorakhpur, India, on November
22, 1873. Educated at Harrow and Balliol College, Oxford, he worked
as chief correspondent for The Times during the Boer War. He
also edited seven volume, The Times History of the South African War
A member of the Conservative Party, in 1911 Amery was
elected to represent Sparkbrook, Birmingham, in the House of Commons.
Amery, who recent research has revealed was Jewish, wrote the Balfour
Declaration. As the assistant secretary to the British war cabinet
in 1917, Amery also helped to create the Jewish
In the government headed by David Lloyd George, he
served as under-secretary of state for the colonies (1919-21). This
was followed by the post of First Lord of the Admiralty (1922-24) and
then colonial secretary (1924-29).
Amery lost office when Ramsay MacDonald and the Labour
Party formed the government in 1929. He remained out of office throughout
the 1930s and emerged as one of the party's leading critics of the government's
In 1940, Neville Chamberlain appointed Amery as secretary
of state for India and Burma. His son, John Amery, made pro-Nazi broadcasts
during the Second World War.
He also made speeches in favor of Adolf
Hitler in occupied Europe and after the war was executed for high
After his retirement from politics Amery published
his autobiography, My Political Life (1955). Leopold Amery died
in London on September 16, 1955.