Ruth “Aliav” Kluger
(1914 - 1980)
Ruth Kluger received the nickname Aliav — an
anagram of Aliyah
Bet — for her role in smuggling Jews out of Europe during
Born in Kiev, she settled in Israel in 1934 and helped establish the Mosad
le-Aliyah Bet. In 1947, General Charles De Gaulle awarded Kluger
the Croix de la Lorraine and the Legion d’Honneur for her activities
during WWII and her close
working relationship with the Dutch and French resistance.
Kluger, the only female in the Mosad-le-Aliyah Bet, wrote The Last
Escape, a book describing her underground smuggling activities in
Rumania during World War II.
Sources: Mitchell G. Bard and Moshe Schwartz. . NJ: Jason Aronson, 2004.