Hanoch (Strelitz) Kalai
(1910 - 1979)
Born in 1910 in Lithuania, and immigrated to Eretz
Israel in 1924 with his family. Was a member of Betar.
During the 1936 riots, was one of the activists who
demanded reprisals against the Arab rioters. Among other tasks, served as
newscaster on the Irgun radio station, and wrote the propaganda material.
After the arrest of David Raziel (May 19, 1939), he became Commander in Chief of the Irgun. During his term
of office, the Irgun began to conduct operations against the British. After
the split in the Irgun, he joined the camp of Avraham Stern
("Yair") but left shortly afterwards due to ideological
On February 4, 1942, after his picture was published in
the press by the British authorities and a reward of 1000 pounds was
offered for information leading to his arrest, he gave himself up to the
police. He was exiled to Africa in the first transport of
251 detainees (October 19, 1944).
Returned to Israel with the last exiles from Kenya on
July 12, 1948.
Was a member of the Hebrew Language Academy and in
charge of language standards at the Broadcasting Authority. Worked as an
editor for the Bialik Institute.
Sources: The Irgun Site